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Mathematics Program


Math lessons at Windward are created to teachgreenburg computational and application skills, enhance conceptual understanding, and develop each child’s ability to communicate using the language of math.  Using a multisensory curriculum, the program is designed to give each student the necessary skills needed to return to a mainstream math class.  Through direct instruction in small, homogenously grouped classes, teachers build a solid foundation of basic concepts, computation, and number sense.  Lessons highlight real-life applications of math.  Manipulatives, kinesthetics, mnemonics, literature, and technology are integrated into daily instruction to promote student engagement and retention of math concepts.

The language of math is taught using techniques from the Windward Language Arts Program.  All math teachers are trained in both the Windward reading and writing programs.  Since linguistic struggles are common in the student population, strategic instruction in solving word problems is given throughout every unit.  Vocabulary is emphasized in each topic, and oral explanations are components of daily class discussions.  Units progress from concrete to symbolic representations of each concept, building comprehension through multi-modal experiences.  Students are taught computational procedures, logical reasoning, and applications.  Using the Windward lesson plan template, structured, sequenced lessons incorporating scaffolding of information and direct instruction enable students at various ability levels to tackle the demands of grade level work.  Elements of review are included in each lesson to activate prior learning.

• Grade 1 focuses on the development of a strong foundation in numeration and place value as well as developing an understanding of addition and subtraction.  Other topics include measurement, data and graphing, time, geometry and problem solving.
• Grade 2 focuses on building number sense and fluency with addition and subtraction. Other topics include place value, measurement, data and graphing, time, money, geometry and problem solving.
• Grade 3 focuses on the development of solid sequential skills in the operations of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Other topics include data and graphing, measurement, fractions, decimals, geometry and problem solving.
• Grades 4 focuses on developing fluency with multi-digit multiplication and division.  Other topics include fractions, decimals, geometry and problem solving.
• Grade 5 focuses on helping students to develop strong number sense and a clear understanding of arithmetic procedures. Topics include whole number applications and operations, decimal and fraction concepts and operations, geometry, measurement, data analysis and problem solving.
• Grade 6 focuses on developing higher level thinking by application of basic skills. Topics include integers, decimal and fraction concepts and operations, an introduction to pre-algebra, ratio and proportion, percent, geometry, measurement and problem solving. 
• Grade 7 focuses on providing students with pre-algebraic skills needed for Algebra.  Topics include review of rational and irrational operations and applications, evaluating and simplifying algebraic expressions, solving algebraic equations and inequalities, ratio and proportion, percent, geometry and problem solving.
• Grades 8 & 9 include several courses depending on student needs and abilities. The Introductory Algebra course is the first part of the Algebra 1 course taken over two years. The Algebra 1 and Geometry courses are a high-school level classes that prepare students to take the NYS regents exams if desired.



Westchester Lower School      13 Windward Avenue 
                                                White Plains, NY 10605
Westchester Middle School      40 West Red Oak Lane 
                                                White Plains, NY 10604
Manhattan Lower and               212 East 93rd Street 
Middle Schools                         New York, NY 10128